A large number of middle-class and most religious affluent families remain faithful to the necessity of virginity at the time of marriage, and strongly believe in it as a principle to this day.
Respected norms in social groups in Iran, however, have changed quite a bit and are in the process of even further change.
The operation should, in an ideal situation, be done in a hospital, but since this is an illegal procedure in Iran, it must be performed covertly.
By the same token, this kind of surgery is costly and not affordable for many.
And Badoo, founded by a Russian entrepreneur in 2006, also uses GPS technology.
However, Badoo has faced criticism over privacy concerns.
Most traditional and religious Iranians, particularly those who live in smaller provinces, believe that women must save their virginity for marriage.
Regardless of how sexually experienced the groom may be, ideally, the bride must be untouched.
After 25 years of growing up in the United States, Persian Jews in their 20s and early 30s are increasingly questioning their community’s social taboos and expectations, while trying to forge their own identities.
Names and addresses of some doctors’ offices and private clinics along with their approximate cost, and some people consult websites in their quest for a credible specialist to perform the surgical procedure on them.
In the past, some families would go the extra mile to make sure that the bride is, in fact, a virgin.
(Vahid Salemi / Associated Press) Nina and Ahmad have lived happily together in their small one-bedroom apartment for years.
They share the cost of groceries; they split the rent.